According to Susan Krebsbach, a veterinarian and a Wisconsin-based veterinary adviser to the Humane Society Veterinary Medical Association, hundreds of healthy animals at veterinarian schools routinely died after being used to teach surgical procedures such as hysterectomy.
Professor Dan Fletcher at the Simulation Center at the Cornell University College of Veterinary has Medicine has developed Robo-Jerry II, a four-legged robotic dog mannequin, with a mechanical heart and pulse. The robotic dog is based on a animal simulator from Thales & Co. of Van Nuys, California, which makes a line of animal mannequins under the RescueCritters! brand. The robot cost about $35,000 to develop.
Surgical simulator for combat-trauma training
The Human Worn Partial Task Surgical Simulator, or "cut suit," developed by Strategic Operations Inc., replicates human organs and blood vessels. The Patent Pending “Cut Suit” is promoted as "the most realistic way to simulate the look, feel, and smell effects of severe traumatic events on a live human while allowing medics, combat lifesavers, Soldiers, Sailors, Marines, Airmen and civilian first responders to safely perform real procedures. From the point of injury (POI), where self-aid and buddy-aid are rendered, the Medic or Corpsman renders aid, CasEvac or MedEvac is performed, treatment en route, and transition of care to the shock / trauma team and surgical intervention."