But in 2050 64 countries will have more than 30% of the population is over 60.
The Japanese population is also starting to show signs of decline. In 2005, the country saw its first population decrease since 1899. The current Japanese population of 127 million is expected to drop to 89 million by the year 2055.
Rising Average Life ExpectancyAs of 2010, the average life expectancy of a Japanese male is 79.64 and 86.39 for female. Compared to that of year 1970, which were 69.31 and 74.66 respectively, the average life expectancy has increased by 10 to 12 years for both male and female in the last 40 years. According to the bureau of social welfare and public health in Tokyo of all the elderly population in Tokyo, 72% of men and 75% of women in their sixties, and 59% of men and 56% of women in their seventies said they felt they were in good health. But the number of seniors who require support or nursing care (Senior in Need of Long-term Care) is increasing. Approximately 12.5% of seniors 65 or older are certified to “require support/nursing care for some kind of dementia”. In addition, 60% of seniors certified to “require support/nursing care due to symptoms causing difficulty in daily”. Japan is also tackling a rise in the number of people who die alone, most of whom are elderly. In Tokyo 4.6 million elderly people lived alone in 2010, and the number who died at home soared 61% between 2003 and 2010, from 1,364 to 2,194.
Robot care for the aging society
|Credit: METI/Panasonic/Matsushita Memorial Hospital|
Life assist robot solutions
Japanese assistance robot HOSPI
Robotic Nurses Needed
According to data from the U.S. Administration of Aging, AoA persons 65 years or older numbered 40.2 million in 2010. They represented 12.9% of the U.S. population, about one in every eight Americans. AoA predicts that in 2050, the number of Americans aged 65 and older is projected to be 88.5 million, more than double its projected population of 40.2 million in 2010. The baby boomers are largely responsible for this increase in the older population, as they will begin crossing into this category in 2011.
700,000 additional nurses neededToday about 2,7 million registered nurses (RNs) in the USA provide and coordinate patient care, educate patients and the public about various health conditions, and provide advice and emotional support to patients and their family members. According to Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) employment of registered nurses is expected to grow 26 percent from 2010 to 2020, faster than the average for all occupations. BLS projects a need for 711,900 additional nurses from 2010 to 2020. Growth will occur primarily because of technological advancements; an increased emphasis on preventative care; and the large, aging baby-boomer population who will demand more healthcare services as they live longer and more active lives.
European robot projects for elderly support
Korean nurse bot 2013
|Credit: Kiro-M5, Postech|