The prevalence of ageing in developed societies will lead to an increased number of people suffering from stroke leading to an enormous pressure on the healthcare systems in terms of cost.
The Cost of Stroke
In average the healthcare expenditure cost for strokes across different countries in Europe and USA is 3% of their entire healthcare expenditure. This includes inpatient treatment cost, outpatient hospital visits and long-term rehabilitation and care. Analysis showed that costs of long-term care have increased from 13% to 49% of overall costs in average in recent years.
USA $43 Billion Stroke Cost
The total cost of stroke to the United States is estimated at $43 billion per year.
The direct costs of medical care and therapy are estimated at $28 billion per year. Indirect costs from lost productivity and other factors are estimated at $15 million per year. The average cost of care for a patient up to 90 days after stroke is $15,000. For 10 percent of patients, the cost of care for the first 90 days after a stroke is $35,000. (2)
Europe €38 Billion Stroke Cost
The total cost of stroke in the EU was calculated to be over 38 billion in 2006. This figure included healthcare costs (about 49% of the total cost), productivity loss due to disability and death (23% of the total cost) and informal care costs (29% of the total cost).(3)
Telerobotics for Stroke Care & Rehabilitation
A European consortium led by the Adaptive Systems Research Group University of Hertfordshire has recently started to work together in the EU-funded SCRIPT project (Supervised Care & Rehabilitation Involving Personal Tele-robotics) to develop rehabilitation technologies for use at home in he next three years. The research team will focus on hand and wrist exercise after stroke, look at differences between passive and active actuated devices, to make therapy sessions more enjoyable, to reduce hospital or home visit frequency by remote management and support and to infer impact on health and recovery and its potential cost implications.
For more European Assistive Robotics projects see here.