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Monday, February 26, 2007

Selforganizing Robot Systems

John von Neumann introduced the concept of self-replicating machines more than fifty years ago. But a fully autonomous self-replicating robot system has not been implemented until now. The self-replication robot system utilizes an original unit to actively assemble an exact copy of itself from passive components. This can result in exponential growth in the number of robots available to perform a job, thus drastically shortening the original units task time.

Some research projects of interest:

Europe
Swarm-bots project - IRIDA Artificial Intelligence research laboratory of the Université Libre de Bruxelles

Hydra consortium - AdapTronics Group, Maersk Institute, University of Southern Denmark,
Mobile Robots Group, University of Edinburgh, AI Lab, University of Zurich, LEGO Platform Development

Japan
MTRAN-III reconfigurable robots, AIST and Toyko Tech, Japan
Fukuda Laboratory CEBOT, micro-robotics, Nagoya University
Distributed System Design Group M-TRAN, by Kurokawa, Kokaji, and Murata
Hokkaido University, Japan - Robotic Amoeba

USA
Modular Robotics at PARC PolyBot, PolyPod, Telecube, Digital Clay, etc.
Dartmouth Robotics Laboratory Crystaline, Cellular Automata, Molecular Robots by Rus
Murata Laboratory Satoshi Murata's new research group.
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute - Tetrobot, a modular reconfigurable parallel robot system
Carnegie Mellon University - I-Cubes
Swarm BotsCarnegie Mellon University - Reconfigurable Modular Manipulator System
Self-Replicating Robots - Robotics Research at Whiting Shool of Engineering, John Hopkins University
Swarm Development Group Wiki - Center for the Study of Complex Systems at the University of Michigan


Cornell Computational Synthesis LabBiologically inspired robotics group in EPFL, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology

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